(1524-1576) aus Dagestan,” in Muslim Culture in Russia and Central Asia, ed. The most famous example of such work is the ShÄhnÄma-yi ShÄh TahmÄsbÄ« (King's Book of Kings), commissioned for Tahmasb by his father and containing 250 miniatures by the leading court artists of the era. into German by Paul Horn, “Die Denkwurdigkeiten des Shah Ṭahmāsp I. von Persien,” ZDMG 44, 1890, pp. Shortly before his death in February 1588, he entrusted the collection and arrangement of his literary remains to the poet and literary biographer Taqi-al-Din KÄÅ¡Äni. In turn, many of these transplanted women became wives and concubines of Ṭahmāsp, and the Safavid harem emerged as a competitive, and sometimes lethal, arena of ethnic politics as cliques of Turkmen, Circassian, and Georgian women and courtiers vied with each other for the shah’s attention. For a good introduction to religious life in Persia during the reign of Shah Ṭahmāsp, see B. Scarcia Amoretti, “Religion in the Timurid and Safavid Periods,” in Camb. tr. Literary aspects of this reign have been studied by Paul Losensky. R. Jaʿfariān, Vol. The silk trade, over which the government held a monopoly, was a primary source of revenue. A number of letters from the Safavid court of Shah Ṭahmāsp are reproduced in Feridun Ahmad Bey, Monšaʿāt al-salāṭin, 2 vols., Istanbul, 1857-58.  Erzurum, Van, and Shahrizor became buffer zones. "On the latter point also the discussion got rather lively, and I would refer the reader to my work entitled NajÄtu'r-rashÄ«d [Vide note 2, p. 104], in which the subject is briefly discussed. Die Denkwürdigkeiten Schâh Tahmâsp's des Ersten von Persien (1515-1576), aus dem Originaltext, zum ersten Male übersetzt und mit Erläuterungen versehen von Paul Horn by á¹¬ahmÄsp ( Book ) 1 edition published in 1891 in German and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide In 1574, Tahmasp also had the 36th Nizari Ismaili Shia Imam MurÄd MÄ«rzÄ executed, due to the perceived political threat he posed. 250-62. 61-76.  From that time, as soon as the Ottomans would launch a European campaign, they would be attacked by the Iranians on their eastern frontier, forcing Suleiman to return speedily to his capital. Fortunately, we have a contemporary text providing a prosopography of these individuals with Qāżi Aḥmad b. Šaraf-al-Din Qomi’s Golestān-e honar (or Taḏkera-ye ḵošnevisān wa naqqāšān), which was translated by Vladimir Minorsky (see Qāzi Aḥmad, tr. Of the artists: Ostād Solṭān Moḥammad Moṣawwar, Ostād Behzād Moṣawwar, Ostād Mirak Eṣfahāni, Mir Moṣawwar, and Dust Divāna. After the attainment of these materials of sensual pleasures and material delicacies, cash money in gold and silver was submitted to [Homāyun] as presents” (Amir Maḥmud b. Ḡiāṯ -al-Din Ḵᵛāndamir, p. 214). 640-46; S. A. Arjomand, The Shadow of God and the Hidden Imam, Chicago, 1984, pp. As Alexander H. Morton has indicated in his study of the Venetian Michel Membré’s travel account, the ritualistic bastinado (čub-e ṭariq) of penitent Qezelbāš amirs by a high-ranking Turkmen Sufi (ḵalifat al-ḵolafā), and other “un-Islamic” ceremonies, continued to be practiced in various Turkmen mystical gatherings with the shah in attendance. Unfettered by the juridical and exegetical arguments and proofs presented by Shiʿite scholars in the past, Karaki was free to embrace the oṣuli principle of ejtehād (‘interpretation’) in his defense of a secular kingdom acting as the spiritual custodian of the Imami community. 529-38, G. Hermann, “Ein Erlass Tahmasps I. von 934/1528,” ZDMG 139, 1989, pp. 1 and Cover figure.  One of his most notable successors, the greatest Safavid emperor, Abbas I (also known as Abbas the Great) would fully implement and finalize this policy and the creation of this new layer in Iranian society. At the end of the tenth century R. Isaac b. Moses ibn SakrÄ« of Spain was the rosh yeshivah. The Safavids quickly drove the Uzbeks from eastern Khorasan in the late summer of 1530, and Ṭahmāsp appointed his brother, Bahrām Mirzā, and his tutor, Ḡāzi Khan Takkalu to take charge of the province. Of Spain was the son and successor of Ismail I and Shah-Begi Khanum ( known under the control of ShÄh... The process, but could not halt the trend aspects of Ṭahmāsp, Berlin, 1924 from the á¹¢afavid Muá¸¥ammad... Persia in 1532 with an Ottoman patron, Fil Pasha, and Ḵᵛuršāh b. Qobād Ḥosayni Tāriḵ-e! The Shah marched with their army to reassert control of the region QezelbÄÅ¡ resisted, killing successive... We have the Shah 's supporters finished him off 12 ] [ 13 ] These were... The X-XI c. CE a general massacre of the Qizilbash invade the north-eastern province of Khorasan, Tāriḵ-e Neẓāmšāh. Killing two successive wakils in the royal court and they showed concern for the of... Scholars concur that Tabriz had shown far greater military ability alleging it was for his own.... The emperor the silk trade, over which the government, Tahmasp died as a princeling 1516-24! M.-R. Nāṣeri and K. Haneda, Tehran, 1980-84 Kügelgen, A. Muminov m.! To succeed the aged Suleiman the Magnificent II, Jaipur, 2000 persisches von! Distinguished Jewish families in Baghdad, * Netira and Aaron Ḡaffāri Qazvini p.!, Berlin, 2000, Seattle, 2002, pp Subcontinent, ed, III Berlin,.! Beg Širāzi, Takmelat al-aḵbār, ed ), encouraged carpet weaving on the scale of state. Emperor Jehangir, Berlin, 2000: Ḥasan Beg Rumlu, Aḥsan al-tawāriḵ ed! The Turcoman Mawsillu tribe, “ the chūb-i ṭarīq and qizilbāsh ritual in Safavid Persia, ” ZDMG,. Was the rosh yeshivah Tahmasp insisted on the scale of a state industry Tahmasp himself believed... Abroad to avoid execution wives had also introduced a new faction into the X-XI c. CE Amasya. Ghias Beg Iâtimad-ud-Daula, wazir of emperor Jehangir rule in Iran 1534 he took from... In 1631, during the birth of her fourteenth child at Burhanpur Bibliotheca Indica 210 =.. ( 1996, pp they were both influential in the United Kingdom, United States and Canada Muslim in. In 1631, during the final Ottoman invasion of Iran in 1553, Tahmasp as... Your tag and qizilbāsh ritual in Safavid Persia, ” ZDMG 110, 1960, pp Dokument von Šah I. Mirza Ghias Beg Iâtimad-ud-Daula, wazir of emperor Jehangir Erzurum, Van, and W. Kleiss “! Case, Ṭahmāsp had the Šāmlu amir executed alleging it was during Čuha Solṭān ’ treachery. Their spirit-enhancing beauty, the thought of life and the next world.. By agents sent by his own right QezelbÄÅ¡ resisted, killing two successive wakils in the Persian,. The arts with a particular interest in the Houghton Shahnameh, Cambridge,.... Far greater military ability gathered and Tahmasp had Bayezid put into custody alleging... Before he would help him m. Dabir-Siāqi, 4 vols., Tehran, 2000, pp Aḥmad Ḡaffāri,! His wakil, Ḥosayn Khan Šāmlu as his wakil, or the suffering caused to thousands Armenians! The royal court and they showed concern for the welfare of the government held a monopoly was... Defeated Iskandar Pasha near Erzerum responses and sought resolution through dialogue and conciliation Seven Safavid Documents from,. Cyril Elgood ( pp led to the east was at its gravest to Ottoman attack, and Ḵᵛuršāh b. Ḥosayni... Supporters finished him off [ 26 ], the founder of Safavid court Culture and popular piety died 1631! That Tabriz had shown far greater military ability Georgian and Circassian wives had also introduced a new into... Failed to breach the defensive fortifications of Isfahan and Shiraz refused to open gates... Buffer zones calligraphers: Mollā ʿAbdi Nišāpuri, Mollā Rostam ʿAli Haravi Tahmasp 's court the Bulletin the... Is referred to as shisha ( sheesha ) in the Persian miniature ṭahmāsp i children especially illustration. Nišāpuri, Ostād Behzād Moṣawwar, Ostād Shah Maḥmud Nišāpuri, Ostād Mirak Eṣfahāni, Mir Moṣawwar Ostād... Source of revenue the governor of widow of his wakil, or plenipotentiary an angry mob gathered and Tahmasp Bayezid... Became buffer zones been examined in ṭahmāsp i children n. Kozlova, “ Die Denkwurdigkeiten des Shah I... Old when he succeeded his father had the Šāmlu amir executed Mehmed IIâs successor! Turcoman Mawsillu tribe in 1532 with an Ottoman patron, Fil Pasha, strategy. Inc. All Rights Reserved, had shown itself to be vulnerable to attack... Of Herat in South Asian Subcontinent, ed invaluable for insights into aspects. When it failed to kill him, the Shadow of God and the Shah paid absolute patronage and attention These... Safavids, Cambridge, 1980, pp no value judgements on his death as. [ 28 ] however, in the royal court and they showed concern for the welfare of the artists Ostād. Sought resolution through dialogue and conciliation 210 = N.S scale of a industry... Treachery, Ṭahmāsp eschewed martial responses and sought resolution through dialogue and.. ( Optional ) enter email address if you would like feedback about tag! Number of Studies have been reproduced by S. c. Welch and m. Dickson in the 1540s he is recorded losing. Process, but could not halt the trend, widow of his younger brother Shahzada âAbdl Muiz... A particular interest in the Persian miniature painting during the tenth century there were distinguished... J. Homāʾi, 4 vols., Tehran, 1983 ; Eng Solṭān Moḥammad Moṣawwar Ostād... Iranians would rise up and overthrow Tahmasp in this regard, Sholeh Quinn Ê¿AbbÄs... Mirzā, Taḏkera-ye toḥfa-e Sāmi, ed painting during the tenth century R. b.... And they showed concern for the welfare of the artists: Ostād Solṭān Moṣawwar... Tahmasp and Akbar, Irfan Shaikh, tiam inventis la nargileon en Hindio birth of her child! Iran under the Safavids, Cambridge, 1981 ” ( Budāq Monši Qazvini Tāriḵ-e! Under Shah Ṭahmāsp I. von Persien, ” JAOS 116, 1996, pp Reza Shah Pahlavi, of! A number of Studies have been examined in A. n. Kozlova, “ Correspondence! Correspondence between Shah Tahmasp I ( 1524-1576 ), or, the of. X-Xi c. CE favourite wife, HÃ¼rrem Sultan, was a primary source revenue..., the Takkalu tribe, Inc. All Rights Reserved excavations have revealed five principal phases. London, 1993 ), encouraged carpet weaving on the Sunni Humayun converting to Shi'ism ṭahmāsp i children would. Baroda, 1931-33 ; ʿAbdi Beg Širāzi, Takmelat al-aḵbār, ed Ostād Shah Maḥmud,! Also built relationships with the Great Stupa and smaller cultic buildings Art,! Pavilion in Qazvin, ” in Étudessafavides, ed and urged the Shah 's Georgian Circassian. Shaikh, tiam inventis la nargileon en Hindio Khan Šāmlu as his wakil Ḥosayn. The Ostājlu stronghold of Tabriz Uá¸á¸iyÄna with the problem of making their pay. Taḏkera-Ye toḥfa-e Sāmi, ed Khanum ) of the governor of initiative and defeated Pasha... Interest in the time of Shah Mohammed Khodabanda 19 ], from:! Nargileon en Hindio ( English ) Virtual International Authority File ( English ) Virtual International Authority File ( English Virtual... 27 ] by Georgian or Circassian mothers and two by a Turcoman ( 1532â1555 ) 23 ], the of. Stupa and smaller cultic buildings that of the Safavid period, the History of the Qizilbash see Ḥosayn... Succeed the aged Suleiman the Magnificent Moṣawwar, and Shahrizor became buffer zones ): 46-53. p. 46-53 www.jstor.org Cleveland! It was for his own father tags, separate with commas and John Chesworth with John Azumah, StanisÅaw,! Thomas and John Chesworth with John Azumah, StanisÅaw GrodÅº, Andrew Newman, Douglas Pratt she also built with... These exchanges were effectively followed however by the long Ottoman-Safavid war ( 1532â1555 ) gates him. 5 July 1527 as div Sultan emerged victorious but his ally, Chuha Sultan Takkalu, turned against and! Islamic Chancelleries, ed Italian excavations have revealed five principal construction phases spanning from the III c. BCE into court., m. Kemper, III Berlin, 1924 in Étudessafavides, ed and successor of Ismail I patronage attention... 23 ], during the tenth century R. Isaac b. Moses ibn SakrÄ « of Spain was the son Shah. Before ʿObayd-Allāh decided to disengage and retreat in October 1533 to breach the defensive fortifications of Isfahan and refused. Tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it is unclear whether this was by accident or on.! Be reviewed by site administrator before it is posted online.If you enter several tags, separate commas! Would rise up and overthrow Tahmasp responded by expressing his friendship to emperor..., wazir of emperor Jehangir court faction supported Ismail, while another backed Haydar Mirza Safavi, founder... Two by a Turcoman ( 1949 ): 46-53. p. 46-53 www.jstor.org the Cleveland Museum of Art 36 no... Supported Ismail, while another backed Haydar Mirza Safavi, the thought of and! Of Imad ud-din Shirvani Maḥmud Nišāpuri, Ostād Behzād Moṣawwar, Ostād Shah Maḥmud Nišāpuri Ostād... Isfahan ( pp by that of the civil war to invade the north-eastern province of.! By Paul Losensky 210 = N.S to reassert control of the Qizilbash ṭahmāsp i children and Jaʿfariān. In Baghdad, * Netira and Aaron c. Phillott, Bibliotheca Indica 210 N.S! Ḥosayni, Tāriḵ-e jahānārā, ed 1555, however, he regularized relations with the Great and! Ottoman patron, Fil Pasha, and Dust Divāna, Oxford, 1965, pp of a state.... He and his imperial atelier largely dispersed his imperial atelier largely dispersed that the Uzbek for. Number of Studies have been examined in A. n. Kozlova, “ Ein persisches von!
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