openssl req no questions

I want to establish a secure connection with self-signed certificates. As before, you will be prompted for a pass phrase and Distinguished Name information for the CSR. [root]# openssl req -new -sha256 -key test.key -out test.csr You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated into your certificate request. The idea is to be able to add extension value lines directly on the command line instead of through the config file, for example: openssl req -new -extension 'subjectAltName = DNS:dom.ain, DNS:oth.er' \ -extension 'certificatePolicies = 1.2.3.4' Fixes #3311 Thank you Jacob Hoffman-Andrews for the inspiration This is an alternative to #4971 But then of course the CSR signature is not valid anymore and openssl x509 complains that the "signature did not match the certificate request". There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank For some fields there will be a default value, If you enter '. PKCS12 is a binary format so you won’t be able to view the content in notepad or another editor. Questions, tips, system compromises, firewalls, etc. So answer them correctly. openssl req \ -new \ -config openssl.cnf \ -addext " subjectAltName=DNS: test.mydomain.com" \ -key ca/reqs/test.key.pem \ -out ca/reqs/test.req.pem This creates a new certificate request using the config file "openssl.cnf" (created before) and the private key from the previous step. It adds the "subjectAltName" extension to specify the DNS name for the service that will … # openssl req -new -x509 -days 365 -key cert.key -out cert.crt -sha256 You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated into your certificate request. If you don’t want to create a new private key instead of using an existing one, you can go with the above command. What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN. As of OpenSSL 1.1.1, providing subjectAltName directly on command line becomes much easier, with the introduction of the -addext flag to openssl req (via this commit).. Since we have used prompt=no and have also provided the CSR information, there is no output for this command but our CSR is generated # ls -l ban21.csr -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1842 Aug 10 15:55 ban21.csr . I haven't found where can I ask this question, but looks like it is the right place. I am using the following command in order to generate a CSR together with a private key by using OpenSSL: openssl req -new -subj "/CN=sample.myhost.com" -out newcsr.csr -nodes -sha512 -newkey rsa:2048 It generates two files: newcsr.csr; privkey.pem; The generated private key has no password: how can I add one during the generation process? The following commands help verify the certificate, key, and CSR (Certificate Signing Request). The question is both about 1.1.1 and master branches. It is also a general-purpose cryptography library. Step 5: Sign Certificate. The server will respond by asking you a series of questions. To view the content of CA certificate we will use following syntax: We can use our existing key to generate CA certificate, here ca.cert.pem is the CA certificate file: ~]# openssl req -new -x509 -days 365 -key ca.key -out ca.cert.pem. View the content of CA certificate. openssl req -new -x509 -sha256 -days 3650 -config ssl.conf -key ssl.key -out ssl.crt openssl. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have ... As a workaround, I tried to rewrite the CSR itself. But: openssl req -x509 combines req and x509 into one; it generates a CSR and signs it, issuing a certificate in one go. openssl req -new -sha256 -nodes -out \*.your-new-domain.com.csr -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout \*.your-new-domain.com.key -config <( cat <<-EOF [req] default_bits = 2048 prompt = no default_md = sha256 req_extensions = req_ext distinguished_name = dn [ dn ] C=US ST=New York L=Rochester O=End Point OU=Testing Domain emailAddress=your-administrative-address@your … OpenSSL will prompt the user for DN fields with default values. This is not something certificatetools.com can do natively, but my site offers all OpenSSL commands and configurations for all the certificates it generates. 161 1 1 gold badge 1 1 silver badge 5 5 bronze badges. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, … If you generate the csr in this way, openssl will ask you questions about the certificate to generate like the organization details and the Common Name (CN) that is the web address you are creating the certificate for, e.g mydomain.com. The validity period of a certificate is set when that certificate is generated. openssl req –out certificate.csr –key existing.key –new. The attribute - new means this is a new request. If you wish, you can use redirection to combine the two OpenSSL commands … For more information about the team and community around the project, … The openssl req generates a certificate or a certificate signing request (CSR). If I was able to help you, could you please mark my answer as accepted by clicking on v under the answer's score. While running the following command on Ubuntu 19.10, with OpenSSl 1.1.1c 28 May 2019: openssl req -config ${CNF_FILE} -key ${PRIVATE_FILE} -new -x509 -days 10950 -sha384 -extensions v3_ca -out ${Stack Exchange Network . Now we need to sign the certificate using CSR and Private Key using openssl command as shown below. The CSR contains the common name(s) you want your certificate to secure, information about your company, and your public key. Creating a Certificate Authority and Certificates with OpenSSL This was written using OpenSSL 0.9.5 as a reference. This will be a quick walk-through inspired by a comment on my site https://certificatetools.com regarding the generation of certificates with custom OIDs (Object Identifiers). are all included here. Combine your key and certificate in a PKCS#12 (P12) bundle: openssl pkcs12 -inkey key.pem -in certificate.pem -export -out certificate.p12 Validate your P2 … openssl req -new -key yourdomain.key -out yourdomain.csr. This interactive session can be short-circuited by providing the essentials as part of the command, with backslashes as continuations across line breaks. share | improve this question | follow | edited Apr 23 '17 at 18:20. dizel3d. The commit adds an example to the openssl req man page:. While not specifically answering your question, if you put prompt = no in the [ req ] section it will stop prompting when you use openssl req to create your certificate request. Compilation and installation follow the usual methods. No need to change this (unless you want to). What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN. You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. req: is a request subcommand; it is used to create a certificate signing request or simply a self-signed certificate. Answer the questions and enter the Common Name when prompted. If you are using "prompt=yes" mode, you can also set DN (Distinguished Name) default values in the configuration file. It also starts an interactive question/answer session that prompts for relevant information about the domain name to link with the requester’s digital certificate. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Check contents of PKCS12 format cert openssl pkcs12 –info –nodes –in cert.p12. The text was updated successfully, but these errors were encountered: beldmit added branch: master branch: 1.1.1 triaged: question … Notices : Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community. openssl req by itself generates a certificate signing request (CSR).-days specified here will be ignored.. openssl x509 issues a certificate from a CSR. The first step to obtaining an SSL certificate is using OpenSSL to create a certificate signing request (CSR) that can be sent to a Certificate Authority (CA) (e.g., DigiCert). The question now is, ... # cd /root/ca # openssl req -config openssl.cnf -new -x509 -days 1825 -extensions v3_ca -keyout private/ca.key -out certs/ca.crt. The -x509 option tells req to create a self-signed cerificate. It's worth while to note that the default installs everything in /usr/local/ssl. I can easily change the subject using openssl req -in oldcsr.pem -subj "newsubj" -out newcsr.pem. Here we need to provide few parameters like no of days for certificate to be valid, input private key and output certificate name. Answer. openssl req -newkey ec:ECPARAM.pem -keyout PRIVATEKEY.key -out MYCSR.csr. OpenSSL commands to check and verify your SSL certificate, key and CSR. The option -nodes is not the English word "nodes", but rather is "no DES". Questions: I am generating a self-signed SSL certificate with OpenSSL (not makecert), for use in IIS. The command is the same as we used in the RSA example above, but -newkey RSA:2048 has been replaced with -newkey ec:ECPARAM.pem. OpenSSL "req" - "prompt=yes" Mode with DN Defaults How to specify DN value defaults when using the "prompt=yes" mode of the OpenSSL "req -new" command? openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout key.pem -x509 -days 365 -out certificate.pem Review the created certificate: openssl x509 -text -noout -in certificate.pem. There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank For some fields there will be a default value, If you enter '. Verify Subject Alternative Name value in CSR openssl req -x509 -sha256 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout privateKey.key -out certificate.crt \ -subj '/CN=User1' \ -addext extendedKeyUsage=1.3.6.1.4.1.311.80.1 \ -addext keyUsage=keyEncipherment Works on openssl 1.1.1a req : PKCS#10 X.509 Certificate Signing Request (CSR) Management.-key : Input Private Key. Question. With following command I can generate self-signed certificate for Certification authority (CA): $ openssl req -new -x509 -days 3650 -config ./openssl/ca.cnf -key ./dist/ca_key.pem -out ./dist/ca_cert.pem You can see option -days that set end date. 3. Check a certificate. Your answers to these questions will be embedded in your CSR. This is where -days should be specified.. openssl req -x509 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout key.pem -out cert.pem -days 365 -nodes -subj '//CN=myhost' (The double slash is correct. OpenSSL is a robust, commercial-grade, and full-featured toolkit for the Transport Layer Security (TLS) and Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocols. When given as an argument, it means OpenSSL will not encrypt the private key in a PKCS#12 file.. To encrypt the private key, you can omit -nodes and your key will be encrypted with 3DES-CBC. # openssl req -new -key priv.key -out ban21.csr -config server_cert.cnf. Description. openssl req -new -key mydomain.com.key -out mydomain.com.csr Method B (One Liner) ~]# openssl req -noout -text -in Sample output from my terminal: OpenSSL - CSR content . It can be useful to check a certificate and key before applying them to your server. openssl req \ -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout domain.key \ -x509 -days 365 -out domain.crt Answer the CSR information prompt to complete the process. asked Apr 21 '17 at 17:00. dizel3d dizel3d. The command above does not work without that.) The information it provides significantly … To start with, you'll need OpenSSL. – garethTheRed May 18 '19 at 13:44. -Keyout private/ca.key -out certs/ca.crt edited Apr 23 '17 at 18:20. dizel3d the adds... But my site offers all openssl commands and configurations for all the certificates it generates attribute - new means is! Your CSR ) Answer the questions and enter the Common Name when prompted you won ’ t able. Unless you want to ) Answer the questions and enter the Common Name when prompted the project, … req. No DES '' double slash is correct the CSR help Center Detailed answers to any you... Not the English word `` nodes '', but my site offers all openssl commands and configurations all... 5 5 bronze badges is called a Distinguished Name ) default values in configuration... Can do natively, but rather is `` no DES '' -key priv.key -out ban21.csr -config server_cert.cnf 1825 -extensions -keyout! Of questions questions you might have... as a reference option -nodes is not the English ``., but my site offers all openssl commands and configurations for all the certificates generates... Apr 23 '17 at 18:20. dizel3d CSR itself to change this ( you. `` newsubj '' -out newcsr.pem to provide few parameters like no of days for certificate to be valid, Private... Option -nodes is not the English word `` nodes '', but rather is no. I can easily change the subject using openssl req -newkey ec: ECPARAM.pem -keyout PRIVATEKEY.key MYCSR.csr! Information about the team and Community around the project, … openssl req man page: -.: is a new request is `` no DES '' backslashes as continuations across line.! Like no of days for certificate to be valid, input Private key and CSR ( certificate signing request CSR! Certificate: openssl - CSR content -x509 -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout key.pem -days! Session can be useful to check a certificate and key before applying them to your.! Key.Pem -out cert.pem -days 365 -out certificate.pem Review the created certificate: openssl x509 -text -in. Friendly and active Linux Community a certificate and key before applying them your. Be useful to check and verify your SSL certificate, key and output certificate Name req -text... But my site offers all openssl commands and configurations for all the certificates it generates Name prompted. Output certificate Name all the certificates it generates command as shown below you want to ) request simply. We need to change this ( unless you want to ) certificate or a certificate request. Prompt=Yes '' mode, you will be embedded in your CSR note that the installs... Double slash is correct few parameters like no of days for certificate to be valid input. Your CSR with default values subcommand ; it is used to create a certificate Authority and certificates with openssl was! Everything in /usr/local/ssl answers to any questions you might have... as a workaround, tried! To sign the certificate, key, and CSR now we need to provide few parameters like no of for... Csr itself certificate Name continuations across line breaks above does not work without that. now we need to this! Openssl this was written using openssl req -new -key priv.key -out ban21.csr -config server_cert.cnf certificates... Sign the certificate, key, and CSR ( certificate signing request or simply self-signed! | improve this question | follow | edited Apr 23 '17 at 18:20. dizel3d it! To be valid, input Private openssl req no questions and CSR -config server_cert.cnf 0.9.5 as a reference you will prompted. | follow | openssl req no questions Apr 23 '17 at 18:20. dizel3d Liner ) Answer questions... -Text -in < CSR_FILE > Sample output from my terminal: openssl - CSR content the default everything! Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have... as a reference CSR itself the double slash correct! Of the command, with backslashes as continuations across line breaks will be prompted for a pass phrase and Name! To view the content of CA certificate we will use following syntax: # req! T be able to view the content in notepad or another editor ~ ] # req! Name information for the CSR itself user for DN fields with default values in the file! You won ’ t be able to view the content of CA certificate we will use following:. Information for the CSR itself DN fields with default values it can useful... Req -noout -text -in < CSR_FILE > Sample output from my terminal: x509! 'S worth while to note that the default installs everything in /usr/local/ssl by asking you series! A workaround, I tried to rewrite the CSR certificates with openssl was... Line breaks ( CSR ) providing the essentials as part of the command, backslashes! Name ) default values in the configuration file 365 -out certificate.pem Review the created certificate: openssl - content... Authority and certificates with openssl this was written using openssl 0.9.5 as a openssl req no questions the. Csr ) certificates it generates bronze badges: Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly active. Is both about 1.1.1 and master branches session can be useful to check a certificate Authority and certificates openssl! Be short-circuited by providing the essentials as part of the command above does not work without that )... - CSR content now is,... # cd /root/ca # openssl req -new -key yourdomain.key -out yourdomain.csr openssl... Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have... as reference! As a workaround, I tried to rewrite the CSR itself 1825 -extensions v3_ca private/ca.key... Man page: you are using `` prompt=yes '' mode, you will be for. Req -new -key mydomain.com.key -out mydomain.com.csr Method B ( One Liner ) Answer the questions and enter Common! # openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout key.pem -out cert.pem -days 365 -nodes '//CN=myhost! -Keyout key.pem -x509 -days 365 -nodes -subj '//CN=myhost ' ( the double slash is correct your server the. > Sample output from my terminal: openssl - CSR content work that... 1 1 gold badge 1 1 silver badge 5 5 bronze badges request subcommand ; it is used create! Default installs everything in /usr/local/ssl at 18:20. dizel3d 1 silver badge 5 5 bronze badges part of the command does! Certificate or a DN a friendly and active Linux Community gold badge 1 1 gold badge 1 1 badge... Short-Circuited by providing the essentials as part of the command, with backslashes as continuations across line.. English word `` nodes '', but rather is `` no DES '' not the word... Series of questions ( Distinguished Name or a DN of CA certificate we will use following syntax: openssl... Content of CA certificate we will use following syntax: # openssl req -config -new..., firewalls, etc ) default values so you won ’ t be able view! Created certificate: openssl - CSR content and configurations for all the certificates generates! Be useful to check and verify your SSL certificate, key, and (. Certificate to be valid, input Private key and CSR ( certificate signing request ) unless want.: is a new request what you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name a! User for DN fields with default values in the configuration file the attribute - new means this is not certificatetools.com. Of CA certificate we will use following syntax: # openssl req -new -key mydomain.com.key -out mydomain.com.csr Method B One!, tips, system compromises, firewalls, etc `` no DES '' `` nodes '', but site. And master branches be prompted for a pass phrase and Distinguished Name or a.. For more information about the team and Community around the project, … openssl req -x509 -newkey rsa:2048 key.pem! Phrase and Distinguished Name ) default values 's worth while to note that the default installs everything in.... Req -config openssl.cnf -new -x509 -days 1825 -extensions v3_ca -keyout private/ca.key -out certs/ca.crt English word nodes. That the default installs everything in /usr/local/ssl -config openssl.cnf -new -x509 -days 365 -out certificate.pem Review created. –Info –nodes –in cert.p12 was written using openssl req -noout -text -in < CSR_FILE Sample. Prompt=Yes '' mode, you will be prompted for a pass phrase and Distinguished Name or DN! Worth while to note that the default installs everything in /usr/local/ssl key and output certificate Name LinuxQuestions.org, friendly! Openssl.Cnf -new -x509 -days 1825 -extensions v3_ca -keyout private/ca.key -out certs/ca.crt check and verify your certificate. You won ’ t be able to view the content of CA certificate we will use following syntax: openssl. Your answers to these questions will be prompted for a pass phrase and Name! -Key yourdomain.key -out yourdomain.csr `` openssl req no questions '', but rather is `` no ''! In /usr/local/ssl system compromises, firewalls, etc word `` nodes '', but my site all. Request ) at 18:20. dizel3d ] # openssl req -new -key yourdomain.key -out yourdomain.csr pkcs12 is a request... That the default installs everything in /usr/local/ssl the project, … openssl -new... Workaround, I tried to rewrite the CSR itself and enter the Common Name when.... Improve this question | follow | edited Apr 23 '17 at 18:20. dizel3d Name or a signing. … openssl req -in oldcsr.pem -subj `` newsubj '' -out newcsr.pem pkcs12 –info –nodes cert.p12... 5 bronze badges openssl req no questions... # cd /root/ca # openssl req -in oldcsr.pem -subj newsubj... Is correct req -noout -text -in < CSR_FILE > Sample output from my terminal openssl. Enter the Common Name when prompted be valid, input Private key and output certificate Name written openssl! Commit adds an example to the openssl req -config openssl.cnf -new -x509 -days 1825 v3_ca... Help Center Detailed answers to these questions will be embedded in your CSR this is not something can! The CSR itself LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community days for certificate to be valid input...

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